Back cover Description of LACASA’s English Language version:
José Luis Rocha Gómez
Big and Small Fleeing from the geography of fear
Central American children are crossing the border into the United States alone. But we mustn’t forget they only represent a fifth of the people crossing that very same border seeking work, asylum and refuge, fleeing a Central America “heated up” with so many forms of violence, including sexual. The cruelest forms of violence Central Americans are fleeing from are associated with the region’s relationship with the United States: this involves the deportation of gang members, the dynamic drug market, the strengthening of the military, the creation and training of repressive forces, and the arms trade that supplies organized crime. The difference between the millions of undocumented migrants who evade immigration control and the thousands who seek asylum is that those who apply for asylum give the Migra and the judges the last word on the possibility of staying in the United States, while undocumented migrants don’t give it up; they leave this chance in their own hands. For every undocumented migrant the Migra detains, three others manage to gain entry to the United States.
LACASA Books proudly presents one of the most comprehensive and profound analyses of the recent crisis in Northern Central America as it emerged along the U.S. Mexican border in the early months of 2015.
José Luis Rocha Gómez is a researcher for Envío, journal of Nicaragua’s Central American University (UCA). His books include Expulsados de la globalización (2011) and Central Americans Redefining the Borders (2008).
CENTRAL AMERICAN STUDIES SERIES #3 ISBN 978-0-7884-2306-5
Table of contents for LACASA’s English Language version.
I. Central Americans in search of asylum: it sounds like a front-page
newspaper headline from the 80s
II. Figures on the geography of fear
III. The relationship between violence and migration
IV. USA: A none-too-generous Mecca for Central America asylum seekers
V. Human rights depend on Nation-States
VI. Youth is only a word: The status of “minors” or the problem of “violence”?
VII. The United States bears great responsibility: Our violence must be historicized
VIII. The mass dissemination of weapons
IX. Are gangs the biggest threat? Where did the maras come from?
X. Drug traffickers: a legacy of the 1980s
XI. Companies made in the USA: Kaibiles & co., Atlacatl Inc., Escuadroneros Ltd.
XII. Regional re-militarization: Putting out fires with gasoline
XIII. The 1980 refugee act: Few admissions, many rejections
XIV. To become without voice as asylum seeker or to go without papers? That is the
A Note about the Author